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    紅樓是一場青春的禮葬——讀《蔣勛說紅樓夢》有感

    時間:2018-12-30 14:56來源: 作者:金琲兒 點擊:
      


    我讀過的所有書中,與我結緣最深的是《紅樓夢》。字尚未認全時起,我就開始一遍又一遍地讀紅樓。我讀過、聽過不少對紅樓的研究、評說,但蔣勛先生的書卻是令我感觸最深的,他第一個告訴我們,“《紅樓夢》是一本寫青少年的書。”

    我們可能很難理解:為什么黛玉動不動就生寶玉的氣,動不動就對花嘆息聽風流淚;為什么寶玉那么厭惡上學,卻專好讀些雜書和禁書。可當我們把這些和我們自己的青春期對應起來,卻發現竟是驚人的吻合。年少的時候,可不是動不動就鬧別扭,無緣無故就生氣了,可不是容易無端感傷,萬種閑愁,可不是長了一副叛逆的骨子,專不愛看正經書愛看閑書么?

    蔣勛說大觀園本是一個青春王國,它守護著園中所有人的青春。每當讀到這些少男少女一同在雪天賞梅吟詩,相約行令取樂,讀到香菱學詩、寶釵撲蝶、黛玉葬花,我都由衷地感受到浪漫,感受到美,心中充滿向往,那是只屬于年少的蓬勃,只屬于青春的詩意。

    黛玉葬花是《紅樓夢》中的經典情節,我自小熟知。我常疑惑黛玉何以發此悲聲,甚至曾暗笑她太多愁善感。可蔣勛先生讀懂了黛玉的悲,他向我們娓娓道來:原來黛玉葬花是在芒種節,花神退位,百花凋零,千萬花兒走過了生命最美好的階段紛紛從枝頭墜下,一時間,花魂落盡春謝去,千紅萬紫化塵泥,宛如哀歌唱盡生命繁華,曲終收束卻話凄涼,怎怨得黛玉起了生命無常的悲涼之嘆呢?

    “花謝花飛花滿天,紅消香斷有誰憐?”黛玉埋葬了這些美好的生命,一如悲挽著自己終將逝去的青春。我不再笑她了,因為我忽然明白,黛玉從落花中獲得的是生命的共鳴。黛玉是天上仙草落凡塵,她自幼寄人籬下少依傍,所以生命的美好和脆弱,青春的熱鬧和孤單,她都是懂的。

    黛玉葬花仿佛在告訴我們,生命雖美,終歸無常;青春雖好,總會逝去。那些吟詩作畫的日子雖然令人欽羨,但隨著每個人的成長,終究會散去。迎春的死,探春的遠嫁,黛玉的死,寶玉的出家,寶釵的寂寞終身,一件件宣告著青春王國的毀滅。也許是時代造就了他們的不幸,又也許是社會毀滅了他們的人生。魯迅先生說《紅樓夢》是“悲涼之霧,遍布華林”,我想《紅樓夢》的悲劇,一定在很大程度上是青春的悲劇。

    難道成長是一種悲傷嗎?

    成長是一種幸福的悲傷,是包含著萬千眷戀的期盼與前行。

    我們正當青春年少,也許也會面對落花流水,有無限感傷;也會叛逆或是假裝成熟,想向世界證明自己;也會感到迷茫與不安,不知人生該何去何從;當然也會擁有最美好的記憶,夢里花落知多少。有一天我們也會長大,但我們的青春,未必是悲劇。

    紅樓夢中人的青春雖被無情埋葬,但至少他們都按照自己的方式活過了,也留下了無數鮮活的記憶,而黛玉葬花,就像為青春的逝去舉行的一個莊嚴的儀式,面對成長,既幸福,又哀傷。因此說紅樓原是對青春的一場禮葬。

    我們都會變得不再青春年少,但起碼我們還擁有現在。珍惜美好的現在,是將來送給青春最好的告別禮物。感謝蔣勛先生讓我明白了這個道理。


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